This crucial center English textbook, now in its 3rd version, introduces scholars to the wide variety of literature written in England among 1150 and 1400.
New, completely revised variation of this crucial center English textbook.
Introduces the language of the time, giving suggestions on pronunciation, spelling, grammar, metre, vocabulary and local dialects.
Now comprises extracts from ‘Pearl’ and Chaucer’s ‘Troilus and Criseyde’.
Bibliographic references were up-to-date throughout.
Each textual content is observed by means of particular notes.
Read or Download A Book of Middle English (3rd Edition) PDF
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Additional info for A Book of Middle English (3rd Edition)
Linguistik Online. htm Romaine, Suzanne. 1999. Communicating gender. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Royen, Gerlach. 1929. Die nominalen Klassiﬁkations-Systeme in den Sprachen der Erde. Historisch-kritische Studie, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Indo-Germanischen. Mödling: Anthropos. Scheele, Brigitte & Eva Gauler. 1993. “Wählen Wissenschaftler ihre Probleme anders aus als WissenschaftlerInnen? ” Sprache & Kognition 12: 59–72. Schulz, Muriel R. 1975. ” In Language and sex: Diﬀerence and dominance, eds.
On the morphological level, Moroccan Arabic has dispensed with the dual number (although not entirely) and case marking inﬂections that are present in Literary Arabic. It has also neutralized the gender distinction in the third person plural and the second person singular in the perfective tense. Table 1 below shows how in the plural it is the masculine inﬂection that has been retained in Moroccan Arabic, but in the singular it is the feminine ending that has been preserved. Table 1. Gender agreement in the perfective tense in Literary and Moroccan Arabic Root /d-x-l/ Perfective Tense/Aspect 3pl Literary Arabic Moroccan Arabic 2sg Feminine Masculine Feminine Masculine daxal-na enter- they dxwl-u enter- they ‘they entered’ daxal-u enter-they dxwl-u enter- they ‘they entered’ daxal-ti enter- you dxwl-ti enter- you ‘you entered’ daxal-ta enter- you dxwl-ti enter- you ‘you entered’ On the lexical level, Moroccan Arabic, like the other North African dialects (known also as Maghrebin), namely, Tunisian and Algerian Arabic, contains a substantial number of French words and phrases as a result of their contact with French, the former colonial language.
Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. Baron, Dennis. 1986. Grammar and gender. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. Batliner, Anton. 1984. ” Linguistics 22: 831–856. Bergvall, Victoria L. 1999. ” Linguistik Online. htm Bergvall, Victoria L. & Janet M. Bing & Alice F. Freed, eds. 1996. Rethinking language and gender research: Theory and practice. London: Longman. Bing, Janet M. & Victoria L. Bergvall. 1996. ” In Rethinking language and gender research: Theory and practice, eds. Victoria L. Bergvall & Janet M.
A Book of Middle English (3rd Edition)