Luis Caffarelli, Sandro Salsa's A geometric approach to free boundary problems PDF

By Luis Caffarelli, Sandro Salsa

ISBN-10: 0821837842

ISBN-13: 9780821837849

Loose or relocating boundary difficulties look in lots of parts of research, geometry, and utilized arithmetic. a standard instance is the evolving interphase among a superb and liquid section: if we all know the preliminary configuration good sufficient, we should always have the ability to reconstruct its evolution, specifically, the evolution of the interphase. during this publication, the authors current a chain of rules, tools, and strategies for treating the main simple problems with this type of challenge. specifically, they describe the very basic instruments of geometry and actual research that make this attainable: homes of harmonic and caloric measures in Lipschitz domain names, a relation among parallel surfaces and elliptic equations, monotonicity formulation and stress, and so forth. The instruments and ideas awarded right here will function a foundation for the learn of extra complicated phenomena and difficulties. This publication comes in handy for supplementary analyzing or should be a superb autonomous research textual content. it really is compatible for graduate scholars and researchers drawn to partial differential equations.

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Extra resources for A geometric approach to free boundary problems

Example text

A flatness hypothesis is thus a natural starting point to get higher order results. Like in minimal surface theory we split the main result into two steps: 1. To prove that in a neighborhood of a “flat” point the free boundary is a Lipschitz graph. 2. Lipschitz free boundaries are C 1,γ . We start with step 2, in the next chapter. 1. The main theorem. p. in the sequel): to find a function u such that, in the cylinder C1 = B1 (0) × (−1, 1), B1 (0) ⊂ Rn−1 , Δu = 0 in Ω+ (u) = {u > 0} and Ω− (u) = {u ≤ 0}0 − + u+ ν = G(uν ) on F (u) = ∂Ω (u) .

5 (Harnack principle). Let 0 ≤ u1 ≤ u2 be harmonic functions in BR = BR (0). 8) Proof. 6)) in BR−ε . 6), in B 3 R , 4 w(x) ≥ cw(0) ≥ cbεu2 (0) . Shauder estimates and Harnack inequality again give |∇u1 (x)| ≤ c c u1 (0) ≤ u2 (0) R R in B 3 R . It follows that 4 u2 (x) − u1 (x + (1 + μb)εσ) = w(x) + u1 (x + εσ) − u1 (x + (1 + μb)εσ) cμb εu2 (0) ≥ cbεu2 (0) − R ≥ c¯bεu2 (0) if μ = μ(R, n) is chosen small. 4. 5 in B1/6 (x0 ) to u1 (x) = u(x − τ ) and u2 (x) = u(x) . 7). Let y ∈ Bε (x) and notice that if τ ∈ Γ( θ2 , en ) and τ¯ = τ − (y − x) τ − τ | = |x − y| ≤ |τ | sin θ2 .

This ends Step 1. 4. 11) with b = b(τ ) = c cos( θ2 + α(ν, τ )), τ ∈ Γ( θ2 , en ), which implies the monotonicity of u in the larger cone Γ(θ¯1 , ν¯1 ). The purpose is now to carry this information to the free boundary, by finding for instance that, for some intermediate μ ¯, an inequality of the type v(1+b¯μ)ε (x) ≤ u(x) holds in B1/2 . 2 to transfer the improvement in B1/8 (x0 ) to B1/2 (0). 16) but with the radius 4. , t = ϕ(x). In fact, the family vt (x) = sup u Bt (x) with t constant, can only detect a uniform enlargement of the monotonicity cone, and, as such, one cannot exploit the interior gain.

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A geometric approach to free boundary problems by Luis Caffarelli, Sandro Salsa

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